On this Date in History..

On this Day in History..
1377 – Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon
1524 – Beginning of Giovanni da Verrazzano’s voyage to find a passage to China
1605 – First publication of Don Quixote written by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
1773 – Capt James Cook becomes the first man to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33′ S)
1821 – Mexico permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas
1861 – The flush toilet is patented by Mr Thomas Crapper (hence the term)
1912 – Robert Scott’s expedition arrives at the South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen
1917 – United States pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands
1928 – The first fully automatic photographic film developing machine is patented
1929 – Popeye makes his first public appearance, in comic strip “Thimble Theater”
1945 – Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by secret police in Hungary
1946 – United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting
1954 – Jacques Cousteau’s 1st network telecast airs on “Omnibus” (CBS)
1961 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the “military-industrial complex”
1969 – Beatles release Yellow Submarine in the UK
1969 – Led Zeppelin 1 is released in the US
1973 – New Philippine constitution names Ferdinand Marcos president for life
1984 – Supreme Court rules (5-4) to allow  private use of home VCR’s to tape television programs for later viewing does not violate federal copyright laws
1991 – Operation Desert Storm begins with US led allies against Iraq
2007 – The Doomsday Clock is set to five minutes to midnight in response to North Korea nuclear testing

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